The cosmetic dental implants are used to substitute missing teeth, and it is a type of prosthetic dentistry. The are three most common types of cosmetic dental implants: Plate form, root form, and subperiosteal implants. All these types cannot be chosen by the patient as it is completely depend on the person's jawbone. Most of the implants are titanium metals, as they calibers blending with living bone tissues. After the recovery period of the implant surgery; 3 to 6 months, the implanted post gets an artificial tooth.
Root form cosmetic implants are widely used as inserts. Just like we secure screw into wood, the post is also secured into the jawbone. However, this type of dental implant needs a healthy jawbone so that the screw can handle the implant. Bone grafting is necessary if the jawbone is narrow. Bone grafting is a simple procedure which uses a person's own bone content; cadaver bone or bovine. Sometimes a synthetic material may also be used. The graft develops the jawbone and permits adequate space for root form cosmetic implants. However, bone grafts can even fail and the recovery will take longer time as well. The second form known as plate form can be applied if both root form as well as the grafting will not work.
These are long and flat, instead thick and round like we see in root forms. No matter how much narrower the jawbone is; these plate form implants can be fitted easily. Generally, a recovery period of plate form is 3 to 6 months. Some of the plate forms are intended to permit the artificial tooth to be connected quickly without thinking about the recovery period. The Grafting system is as same as in root form; however, if the grafting will not work and the plate form is also failed, then the third type of cosmetic dental implant, according to most local dentists subperiosteal will be used for replacing the missing teeth.
As mentioned above, these are fixed permanently in the jawbone if both root form and plate form fail, also the grafting fails. This will be on the top of jawbone instead of fitting into it. Subperiosteal implants are usually custom made, and the artificial teeth can also be added right after the surgery.